Cipro has a great potential for combating pathogenic bacteria. Cipro is considered a broad-spectrum antibiotic and therefore it is effective against various types of bacterial diseases.
Cipro is usually prescribed to treat bacterial diseases in adults. When it is considered to be necessary, the drug is prescribed for the treatment of severe bacterial diseases in children older than 12 months.
Cipro will help to confront the pathogenic bacteria, responsible for:
- Infections of the skin, bones and joints.
- Infections of the urinary system or prostate gland.
- Gastrointestinal or intraabdominal infection
- Inhalational anthrax, infection of the lungs, upper or lower respiratory tract.
Depending on the patient’sage and general health, Cipro is used in tablets or oral suspension.Cipro dosage depends on the nature and severity of the disease, the functions of the internal organs, the suspected susceptibility of pathogens and other factors.
A single dose for adults is one 250mg, 500mg or 750mg Cipro tablet. Children and adolescents should take 10 mg to 20 mg per kilogram of body weight, and not more than 750 mg at once. A dose of no more than 400 mg should be used to treatanthrax in children.
The recommended Cipro doses are taken twice a day, preferably in the morning and in the evening. Approximately 12 hours should pass between the dosing.
The duration of the antibiotic therapy is usually 1 to 2 weeks. If the bacterial disease is severe or difficult to treat, the duration of Cipro treatment can be increased.
Cipro can affect the clinical effectiveness of other drugs and vice versa. Therefore, it is better to consult a doctorbefore taking Cipro in combination with any other medication.
Iron, magnesium, calcium, aluminum and some other mineral supplements slow the absorption of Cipro in the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, the antibiotic should be taken about 1.5 hours before or 4 hours after the administration of mineral supplements.
Some medicines for gout treatment(e.g., Probalan or Col-Probenecid) prevent the excretion of Cipro from the body. If a combined use of these drugs is prescribed, it may be recommended to reduce the daily dose of Cipro. Probalan or Col-Probenecid used in combination with high doses Cipro increase the risk of adverse reactions.
Cipro can cause side effects, most of which are mild in severity. Most untoward medical occurrences disappears after the end of the antibiotic therapy.
The list of frequent adverse reactions of Cipro includes diarrhea and nausea. Other negative responses to the antibiotic are nightmares, difficulties with sleep onset, decreased jointsmobility, musculoskeletal pain, loss of appetite, increased intracranial pressure, or shortness of breath.
Recommended doses of Cipro can be taken regardless of meals.
- If Cipro is taken after a meal, the risk of gastrointestinal side effects decreases.
- If Cipro is taken on an empty stomach, the drug will quickly enter the blood plasma and the site of infection.
To treat mixed infectious diseases, caused by anaerobic and Gram-positive bacteria, Cipro is better taken in combination with other antibacterial drugs. The resistance of pathogenic bacteria should be taken into account, when choosing other antibiotics.